“SEXUALITY AND GENDER AS A PUBLIC CHARACTER MATTERS Power, politics and rights”
Autor: Jose Fredy Herrera
BRIEF ARTICLE: “SEXUALITY AND GENDER AS A PUBLIC CHARACTER MATTERS POWER, POLITICS AND RIGHTS”
This article is part of the review ” bioethics and sexuality ” which was published in 2005, belonging to the number 23 of the “Bio and Ethos” editions collection El Bosque. It belongs to the first edition, being produced in the city of Bogotá – Colombia. Also this article is backed by the accreditation of the author: Lucia Nieto Huertas; who is a member of the Colombian School of Medicine, MD. Mgr. Planning and Regional Development Administration, PhD Government and Public Administration. Researcher at the University Institute of Investigation Ortega y Gasset. Madrid, Spain, currently serves as an external consultant  . He has worked in the field of occupational risk prevention, public health, in primary care and preventive activities, with entities such as the Ministry of Health of Colombia, Pan American Health Organization, World Health Organization, UNICEF and the Ministry of Health of Bogota. This article shows its importance because it states that “sexuality is of a public nature, the implication of power and its relevance in the political arena”. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
Through this article ” SEXUALITY AND GENDER AS MATTERS ON DISPLAY Power, politics and rights ” different theoretical approaches, based on case studies, sub dividing the text into four very interesting parts, which allows us to observe the evolution of the transformations of relations presented of political power in society. These sub divisions exposed: a) using a feature of time allows us to observe the transformation of different theoretical proposals related to the intervention or political action on related issues of sexuality, b) it presents practical evidence through four cases on issues public, related to some edge of human sexuality,
As mentioned here, you can see a large theme and high educational value, because as can be evidenced in the original text, which this review is based, the author supports his thoughts on writers of high reputation who bring coherence and validity in its postulates, even so, it makes clear the need to include a multidisciplinary approach, on the treatment of this type of information in the professional work of people dedicated to health, specifically in the area of sexual and reproductive health . SEXUALITY AND GENDER
Part One : SEXUALITY, politics and power (p.45)
Starting from the premise Morin (1990) who argues that any dynamic is a link that works for synergies emerging context, it is necessary to appeal to what is stated in the introduction of the original article, which according to the author, have been generating transformations in terms of the forms of intervention or political action, “from equality (friendship), repression (good and bad),” normalization “(normal and pathological), moral (good and bad), instrumental (population size), patriarchy (subalternada), abnormality (anarchy), until now reach the autonomy of the “autoinsuficentes” (rights of individuals) “(p.44) individuals. Reading the above is difficult to know at what point in history has moved from the intimate and private to public, because although as mentioned and is sustained throughout the article with his hypothesis “there not doubt that sexuality is public” (page 42). SEXUALITY AND GENDER
These terms should be touched gently, then you can engage in comparisons like the following question there may be someone that sexuality leave indifferent and if so ceases to be public? And if yes this answer, as you might think of a sexual being as mentioned by the author. then you can engage in comparisons like the following question there may be someone that sexuality leave indifferent and if so ceases to be public? And if yes this answer, as you might think of a sexual being as mentioned by the author. then you can engage in comparisons like the following question there may be someone that sexuality leave indifferent and if so ceases to be public? And if yes this answer, as you might think of a sexual being as mentioned by the author. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
Now it is important to note paragraphs that the author works in his work, as this wide
to support interesting, which frames the concept of “becoming” explained from: a) The political and sexuality, friendship from b) Sexuality and politics in Aristotle, c. Sexuality Foucault (differentiation between sex and sexuality), d. Sexuality and Power in Foucault ( “Sex focal point of a modern confession was made. The Catholic confession, says Foucault” (p. 53)), e) sexuality and population (two types of societies, anti populationist and populationist ), f) Dominance? Patriarchy? (Gender system. What women tell us), g. Multitudes “want”. Notes for a policy of “abnormal”. With the above denoted schematically, which can be seen as the author draws a timeline, predicated on theoretical sources, which help weave the complexity of human sexuality, Moreover it reveals clear that however much you try to touch as a singular subject, the plurality has emerged, as far as he can not, set aside in its functionality and applicability through the exercise of power in policy action in the context public. You are leading to the need to create strategies based on real needs, which form deserted challenges the private entity to be assumed in the work of researcher, depending on the welfare of members of society. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
Part Two : SEXUALITY AND POLICY ACTIONS (p. 66)
According to the author public policies are the “action strategies” (p. 66), which lead to meet the public nature of the different aspects of sexuality, also it presents empirical evidence in order to demonstrate to public Thus, although cases were randomly selected, present information from the everyday, describing their functionality from the general process of intervention, of which identifies two moments: a.) refers to the visibility of the situation or time problem of the individual by public visibility, which bases from four cases related to sexuality, demarcating ethnographic elements, particular dynamics or situations of people in their groups of origin (company) regarding the involvement of the relationship public citizen,contextualizing the sexed being within sexual society b) public intervention for this purpose exposes by eight cases based on “political or public interventions.” SEXUALITY AND GENDER
The interesting thing about this section is appealing touches topics such as: what are the social, political civilians. In addition to addressing topics such as general health, education and the role of intervention publish. Thus this section takes courage and carries on coherence, since the author can clearly see, evidence of the struggle of different “institutional” repressive ways to stay in the execution of the exercise of power models, also proposes the emergence new speeches and new resources to the recognition of individual rights. In its final part it proposes cases of “crime” or sexual crimes; where he mentions the need for inter-action, opening an approach between perversion and abnormality. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
Is to understand that one can speak of power, elements of subjugation and element of domination, which, at some point perform the function of emancipatory that generates dynamic relevant, which facilitate the maintenance of such action strategies must already exist . In short there must be clear mechanisms that mediate between private and public, not merely actions, but also as potentiated and catalysts thereof. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
Part Three: III. GENDER AND POLICY. Political rights and citizenship, (p. 72).
For this section the author touches or mentions the exercise that has been developed over time regarding the importance of political rights and citizenship for the role it has advanced in the women’s inclusion, describing roughly as it has been the process of exclusion. Due to the simple fact of being a woman, compared to growth boom men in public policy issues and their role as political subjects. In addition to this has been mentioned as the conversion process of women in political subject, showing the achievements of women in public settings. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
At this point it is important to reflect as to the normality of citizenship, since not only can talk about feminine and masculine. In other words, where the exercise of the third kind “indefinite or agenero” is now. This way you can demonstrate further the public nature of sexuality, and that more than gender is advanced in a broad way, every day, expanding social construct, so that feeds on systems political and belief systems, increasingly demanding. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
Part Four: BINOMIO V. FUTURE OF SEXUALITY AND POLICY (p, 85.).
For this section the author proposes the passage of the binarity of sexuality, the vision of diversity, and thus exposes the work that has demanded the transformation of private sexual intimacy. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
No doubt the effort, which required exercise processes of repression and persecution of individuals in a society, in their attempt to control as was shown in paragraphs of the first paragraph, where it is clear that sexuality is public and always has been public, one that has been tried again intimate process of the act  , which have been taken deep and flashpoints changes over time, debando gaps in education and resolution of concerns, which they were transformed supported myths from religion. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
Continuing in the same vein, the author works two important concepts that are the “detraditionalization and demoralization of the experience of sexuality of love in terms of Beck” (p. 86), which, generated great challenges, in particular, that had been developed under the direct builder privacy control leading to the construction and exploration of their own privacy, beyond the act. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
Also you can see the exhibition, by evidence of the need for and implementation of the concept of recomposition of political power (action to exercise authority in individuals, in full awareness of the act), which as mentioned by the author in the introduction of the article it is far from being answered or develop in this paper. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
In summary , the author allows using these four sections, extend its support of the question of the public on sexuality, and how it has been developing for a long time, having religious, social elements  and politicians therefore (systems complex rules and limits agreed between social beings). SEXUALITY AND GENDER
Now, after contextualized these sections and which has been working on the work of Michel Foucault is necessary to resume the importance of the system, politicians, not only as a watchdog, but also as an entity of opportunities , as the author reveals in his support by Aristotle’s theory, where he resumed Morin regarding: SEXUALITY AND GENDER
“The emergence of processes, events or multidimensional objects, multireferecials, interactive (retroactive and Recursive) and components of randomness, chance and indeterminacy, which form in their apprehension irreducible degree of uncertainty. Therefore, a complex phenomenon of the subject requires a strategy of thinking, reflective time, not reductive, polyphony and nontotalitarian / totalizing. A new context requires creative, radical and polyphonic thinking “(p.109). SEXUALITY AND GENDER
In this way you can think of sexuality and gender as public issues Power, politics and rights, you need a guide to live this sexuality. Of which, this article can conceive five element working in synergy with a common good that the author has called “evolution”:
1. Relational Dynamics (recognition of the other, what their roles and is allowed-patterns of relationships). 2. Sense process (interest / motivation = values, development and applicability) is based on the need. 3. Rules and agreements. 4. Knowledge and understanding of the experiential space. 5. Resources.
Understanding that through the community, you can think of two strategic functions such as: regulation, nutrition affective and social security. It is visible from where, through the exercise of sexual and reproductive rights. ,, so that a space for community socialization, which enables it to be built within the singularity and plurality.
This can be said to remain as a participant in the community, it is important to develop in the WHO definition (2013) with regard to sexual and reproductive health, ie it is possible to think this, from the following elements: a) culturally, b) primary socialization (socialization spaces, welfare and safety), c) interactions (identification and patterns of construction of subjectivity) and d) patterns of action, thought and language.
It is as well that the giddiness of the changing context requires demands characterized by being dynamic, interacting with others, which, systems or social organizations must be prepared to support demand needs, regardless of the possible findings that emerge, as an exercise of the applicability of sexuality issues; which may require a systemic intra and inter transformations in power, law and politics. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
In short, the community is changing, dynamic and is transformed by contact with other social organizations, and this not only occurs from the inside but from the outside, which, it should be noted that the strategies vallan to work in due course regarding sexual and reproductive health should be constantly reviewed in order to supplement the evolution within the same community. SEXUALITY AND GENDER
And to finish should take note that this article is just a starting point for reflection on how the state or the public sector, should be obliged to be part of the great construct, called sexuality. Of course, this demanding a great challenge for the age and stage of world situation, we are living. Which has been characterized as a “modern” time has led to multi development of humanity, but yet there are two elements that makes clear the article, which are called into question when proposing the postulate of becoming, these are : technological development and scientific exercise, which makes it clear in its final section, presents us with countless ethical dilemmas, demanding a deep reflection from different contexts, emerging within the health to do, SEXUALITY AND GENDER
It is clear that the article leaves a big question about what is what is expected to be done with sexuality from the public. Yet, it also requires subjects involved in the interaction of public and private a new way of thinking, analytical thinking and characterized by high capacity making based on collective actions, sheltered by the work of everyday life.
Is to be taken participatory mechanisms based on principles such as equality, dignity of human beings, making clear, non-discrimination of race or gender among others. Where the validity of the plurality is planted in discussions aimed at the welfare of the community.
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Bios and Ethos collection. (2005). Bioethics and sexuality. Bogota Colombia: El Bosque.
Nieto Huertas, L. (2005). sexuality and gender as matters of public character power, politics and rights. Bioetica and sexaulida, 41-89.
Morin, E. (2007). Complexity. In A. Hernández modeling complexity as research method (p. 190). Buenos Aires: Paidos.
MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL PROTECTION. (2013) Compilation Analytical Standards Sexual and Reproductive Health in Colombia. Bogotá, 14 MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL PROTECTION. Ten – Year Public Health Plan PDSP, 2012 – 2021. Bogotá, DC. 535 p.